What is testicular cancer?
Testicular cancer is the most common solid tumour in young adults (20–40 years of age). Despite this, they are currently uncommon at an overall level as they are one of the most likely cancers to be cured.
Various types of testicular tumours exist depending on the cells that undergo malignant transformation. If the cancerous cells come from the cells that produce sperm, the tumour is classified as "seminoma". If they come from other testicular cells, the tumour is classified as "non-seminoma." The former are more common in young adults, while the latter are more common in children. In general, these types of tumours respond favourably to treatment when they are detected early, which is why it is so important for young men to perform regular testicular self-examinations to help detect any alterations that may be present in the initial stage.
It is important that you consult our specialists if you notice:
- A pain-free lump or inflammation in either of the testicles.
- Any alteration in shape or size.
- An accumulation of liquid in the scrotum.
- Pain or discomfort in either testicle or the scrotum.
Treatment of testicular cancer
The treatment of testicular tumours typically consists of the excision of the affected testicle (inguinal orchiectomy). Depending on the type of tumour (seminoma or non-seminoma), its extent and its characteristics, a lymphadenectomy and specific chemotherapy may be necessary.